To qualify as cultural property in terms of the CPTA (art. 2 para 1 CPTA), the object must:
- be meaningful property from a religious or secular point of view for archaeology, pre-history, literature, art or sciences; and
- belong to one of the categories provided for under article 1 of the 1970 UNESCO Convention; and
- belong to one of the categories provided for under article 1, paragraph 1, letter a of the 2001 UNESCO Convention.